The Environmental Impact of Cleaning Products

We all want to live and work in spaces that are healthy, clean, and well-maintained. Cleaning products help in that pursuit. They remove dust, allergens, and germs from our indoor environment. Have you ever considered the environmental and health impacts of the cleaning chemicals?

Environmental Impacts 

Commercial use of cleaning products affect the indoor and outdoor environment and can lead to pollution and waste. 

  • Water Pollution – Thousands of chemicals from cleaning products are washed into streams and rivers. Some persist in the environment and enter the food chain. 
  • Air Pollution – Volatile organic compounds (VOC) in cleaning products can affect indoor air quality and add to outdoor smog. Plus, transportation leads to carbon emissions from trucks. 
  • Waste – Many containers are not made from recyclable materials. Packaging and empty bottles often end up in landfills. Hazardous materials may have a special requirement which usually requires energy for transport and disposal. 

Health Hazards

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 2.1 million janitors work in the US. About 6% of janitors experience workplace injury from chemical exposure. That is just the professional custodial staff. All building occupants come into contact with cleaning products in one way or another. There are light cleaning tasks such as wiping desks and counters. Plus, anyone in the building can breathe in the volatile compounds from cleaning products. 

At levels of typical use, the risk of adverse health impacts from chemical cleaning products is pretty low. Still, reducing potential hazards is an integral part of chemical management safety. Certain chemicals may irritate skin, eyes, or throat. Some commercial-grade products may be hazardous in concentrated forms. Cleaning products enter the environment during the course of regular use by getting rinsed down the drain or evaporating into volatile compounds. Residue can linger on surfaces and cleaning tools. 

Why Buy Green?

Going green is better for the environment. Green Chemicals get the building clean with less indoor air pollution. They are also less harmful to custodial workers and building occupants. Buying concentrated cleaners lowers the impact of packaging and shipping. Green products often use reusable, reduced, or recyclable packaging. Using less hazardous products may reduce the costs of proper disposal for leftover cleaners.

Green products should have some or all of these characteristics:  

  • biodegradability
  • low toxicity
  • low VOC content
  • minimal packaging
  • produced with less energy

Purchasing considerations

When ordering cleaning products, consider functionality, cost, and environmental impact. Be wary of vague claims such as “eco-friendly” as this has no clear definition. Organizations like Green Seal and Safer Choice review products for human health and environmental effects.

Purchasers should personally research the products they buy. Ask distributors and manufacturers to clarify and define their green claims. Two primary considerations are ingredients and shipping.

1. What’s it made from? 

Take a look at the ingredients. Avoid potentially harmful chemicals as much as possible. Instead, opt for renewable, biodegradable, and non-toxic products made from things such as pine oil, citrus, and seeds. 

2. How is it packaged and shipped?

Lightweight, efficient packaging leads to less waste. Opt for packaging that is recyclable and made from recycled materials. Using refillable bottles and concentrated products also cuts down on waste. Concentrated products reduce shipping volume and weight, reducing carbon emissions from transport. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for diluting and handling concentrated formulas. Bulk purchases can lower the impact from shipping.

Socially responsible businesses take steps to prevent pollution and health risks. Developing a formal environmental management system helps a company define clear objectives for reducing their environmental impact. Take steps to reduce waste, lower emissions, and use materials efficiently. Reducing the environmental impact of cleaning products is better for employee health and the earth. 


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Emily Jean Roche

PJP Brand Ambassador

Emily Jean is a blogger and content marketing freelance writer. She crafts compelling copy across many industries, including residential and commercial janitorial services, healthcare services, and B2B marketing firms. Emily loves strong coffee and YA novels. She lives in Kentucky with her husband, daughters, and backyard chickens.

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